Introduction

Te Mana o te Taiao, the Aotearoa New Zealand Biodiversity Strategy 2020, will guide the way all of Aotearoa works to protect and restore nature.

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Te Mana o te Taiao - Aotearoa New Zealand Biodiversity Strategy 2020

Te Mana o te Taiao (launched in August 2020) sets out a strategic framework for the protection, restoration and sustainable use of biodiversity, particularly indigenous biodiversity, in Aotearoa New Zealand, from 2020 to 2050.

If we all work together, we can make the biggest possible difference for biodiversity. Collaboration and partnerships are a key focus in Te Mana o te Taiao.

Note these were updated on 11 August to fix an error on page 54.

Biodiversity in Aotearoa report

The report Biodiversity in Aotearoa – an overview of state, trends and pressures, accompanies and provides an evidence base for Te Mana o te Taiao.

The report provides a stocktake of the biodiversity crisis in Aotearoa New Zealand by describing the state, trends and pressures on indigenous biodiversity across marine, freshwater and land. It also identifies information gaps that prevent a complete picture of our biodiversity and the systems required to manage and measure it.  

Biodiversity in Aotearoa was developed by DOC with input from other agencies and external experts. It is a compilation of existing data and published information on indigenous biodiversity, supplemented by examples from a mātauranga Māori perspective.

How Te Mana o te Taiao will be implemented

Te Mana o te Taiao is the first part of the Aotearoa New Zealand Biodiversity Strategy package. The second part of the package will be an implementation plan that will set out actions and responsibilities. The implementation plan will be developed collaboratively with central and local government, Treaty partners, and stakeholders.


What is biodiversity?

Biodiversity is the variety of all living things and ecosystems. It includes plants, animals, fungi and micro-organisms as well as the ecosystems (on land or in water) where they live. Biodiversity can be of any scale – it could be a patch in your backyard or the whole planet. Biodiversity is the web of life.

Why we need to protect it

Native biodiversity in Aotearoa is rich and unique. Many of our plants, birds, bats, insects, fungi, reptiles and fish aren’t found anywhere else in the world. We’re lucky enough to have ancient rainforests, tussock grasslands and braided rivers on our doorstep.

Many of us feel a strong connection to our native plants and wildlife. Our nature gives us enjoyment when we’re outdoors, supports our economy and is part of our culture and way of life.

We have a responsibility to safeguard our biodiversity for present and future generations.

Despite the importance of biodiversity, it continues to decline. Biodiversity faces a global crisis and Aotearoa is not immune. Despite some conservation success stories, the overall picture in Aotearoa is one of continued depletion in the face of the main pressures from:

  • changes in the use of our lands and sea
  • invasive species
  • pollution
  • harvesting/extraction
  • and the rapidly increasing threat from climate change.

Previous strategy and action plan

New Zealand published its original Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan in February 2000 with the intention of 'turning the tide' of our biodiversity decline.

New Zealand Biodiversity Strategy 2000-2020 (PDF, 3,148 K)

The Action Plan published in 2016 was a targeted update of the original Strategy.

New Zealand Biodiversity Action Plan 2016-2020 (PDF, 7,348K)

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