New Zealand native plants: Conservation

Beech tree
Image: James Mortimer | DOC


The native flora of New Zealand is unique as it evolved in isolation for millions of years.

80% of our trees, ferns and flowering plants are endemic (found only in New Zealand).

About 10–15% of the total land area of New Zealand is covered with native flora, from tall kauri and kohekohe forests to rainforest dominated by rimu, beech, tawa, matai and rata; ferns and flax; dunelands with their spinifex and pingao; alpine and subalpine herb fields; and scrub and tussock. 

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