Fiordland crested penguin

Image: Andrew Walmsley | ©

Introduction

Science reports by DOC staff that have been published externally.

Highlights

They are listed chronologically starting with the most recent. The list is updated as details become available. 

Conserving New Zealand’s native fauna: a review of tools being developed for the Predator Free 2050 programme.
Elaine C. Murphy, James C. Russell, Keith G. Broome, Grant J. Ryan and John E. Dowding. 2019. Journal of Ornithology 160(3): 883-892.

Diet, population structure and breeding of Rattus rattus L. in South Island beech forest.
B. Kay Clapperton, Fraser Maddigan, Warren Chinn and Elaine C. Murphy. 2019. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 43(2): 3370. DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.20417/nzjecol.43.22

Fire disturbance favours exotic species at Kaituna Wetland, Bay of Plenty.
Brendon Christensen, Paul Cashmore, Sarah Crump and John Hobbs. 2019. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 43(2): 3369. DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.20417/nzjecol.43.23

Ecology of orange-spotted geckos (Mokopirirakau “Roys Peak”) in Central Otago and Queenstown-Lakes districts.
Carey D. Knox, Tony R. Jewell and Joanne M. Monks. 2019. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 43(2): 3365. DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.20417/nzjecol.43.14

No evidence of negative effects of aerial 1080 operations on red deer (Cervus elaphus) encounters and sightings in South Westland forests.
Jason Malham, Graeme P. Elliott, and Susan Walker. 2019. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 43(2): 3364. DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.20417/nzjecol.43.17

Loss of wetlands since 1990 in Southland, New Zealand.
Hugh A. Robertson, Anne-Gaelle Ausseil, Brian Rance, Harley Betts and Eva Pomeroy. 2019. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 43(1): 3355. DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.20417/nzjecol.43.3

Ecology of scree skinks (Oligosoma waimatense) in O Tu Wharekai Wetland, mid-Canterbury high country, New Zealand.
Marieke Lettink and Jo Monks. 2019. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 43(1): 3354.
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.20417/nzjecol.43.6

Kea survival during aerial poisoning for rat and possum control.
Joshua R. Kemp, Corey C. Mosen, Graeme P. Elliott, Christine M. Hunter and Paul van Klink. 2019. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 43(1): 3351. DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.20417/nzjecol.43.2

See how they run: increased ranging behavior counters potential Allee effects in experimentally introduced house mice on an island.
J.W.B. MacKay, J.C. Russell, M.N. Clout, E.C. Murphy and M.E. Hauber. 2019. Biological Invasions 21(5): 1669–1681.

Conserving New Zealand’s native fauna: a review of tools being developed for the Predator Free 2050 programme.
Elaine C. Murphy, James C. Russell, Keith G. Broome, Grant J. Ryan and John E. Dowding. 2019. Journal of Ornithology 160(3): 883–892. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10336-019-01643-0

Apparent lack of efficacy of toltrazuril against Eimeria species affecting brown kiwi (Apteryx mantelli) at a captive facility.
H.S. Taylor, K.J. Morgan, W.E. Pomroy and K. McInnes. 2019. Short communication. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 67(2): 101–104. DOI: 10.1080/00480169.2018.1541425

House mice on islands: management and lessons from New Zealand.
K. Broome, D. Brown, K. Brown, E. Murphy, C. Birmingham, C. Golding, P. Corson, A. Cox and R. Griffiths. 2019. Pp. 100–107 in C.R. Veitch, M.N. Clout, A.R. Martin, J.C. Russell and C.J. West (Eds): Island invasives: scaling up to meet the challenge. Occasional Paper SSC no. 62. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. Xiv + 734 pp.

How do we prevent the obstacles to good island biosecurity from limiting our eradication ambitions?
E.S. Kennedy and K.G. Broome. 2019. Pp. 478–483 in C.R. Veitch, M.N. Clout, A.R. Martin, J.C. Russell and C.J. West (Eds): Island invasives: scaling up to meet the challenge Occasional Paper SSC no. 62. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. Xiv + 734 pp.

The history of the aerial application of rodenticide in New Zealand.
P. Garden, P. McClelland and K. Broome. 2019. Pp. 114–119 in C.R. Veitch, M.N. Clout, A.R. Martin, J.C. Russell and C.J. West (Eds): Island invasives: scaling up to meet the challenge. Occasional Paper SSC no. 62. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. Xiv + 734 pp.

Eradication of mice from Antipodes Island, New Zealand.
S. Horn, T. Greene and G. Elliott. 2019. Pp. 131–137 in C.R. Veitch, M.N. Clout, A.R. Martin, J.C. Russell and C.J. West (Eds): Island invasives: scaling up to meet the challenge. Occasional Paper SSC no. 62. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. Xiv + 734 pp.

Testing auto-dispensing lure pumps for incursion control of rats with reduced effort on a small, re-invadable island in New Zealand.
A. Carter, R. van Dam, S. Barr and D. Peters. 2019. Pp. 187–190 in C.R. Veitch, M.N. Clout, A.R. Martin, J.C. Russell and C.J. West (Eds): Island invasives: scaling up to meet the challenge. Occasional Paper SSC no. 62. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. Xiv + 734 pp.

Eradication of red deer from Secretary Island, New Zealand: changing tactics to achieve success.
N. Macdonald, G. Nugent, K.-A. Edge and J.P. Parkes. 2019. Pp. 257–260 in in C.R. Veitch, M.N. Clout, A.R. Martin, J.C. Russell and C.J. West (Eds): Island invasives: scaling up to meet the challenge. Occasional Paper SSC no. 62. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. Xiv + 734 pp.

Feasibility of eradicating the large white butterfly (Pieris brassicae) from New Zealand: data gathering to inform decisions about the feasibility of eradication.
K. Brown, C.B. Phillips, K. Broome, C. Greene, R. Toft and G. Walker. 2019. Pp. 364–369 in C.R. Veitch, M.N. Clout, A.R. Martin, J.C. Russell and C.J. West (Eds): Island invasives: scaling up to meet the challenge. Occasional Paper SSC no. 62. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. Xiv + 734 pp.

Effort required to confirm eradication of an Argentine ant invasion: Tiritiri Matangi Island, New Zealand.
C. Green. 2019. Pp. 370–374 in in C.R. Veitch, M.N. Clout, A.R. Martin, J.C. Russell and C.J. West (Eds): Island invasives: scaling up to meet the challenge. Occasional Paper SSC no. 62. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. Xiv + 734 pp.

Criteria to help evaluate and guide attempts to eradicate terrestrial arthropod pests.
C.B. Phillips, K. Brown, K. Broome, C. Green and G. Walker. 2019. Pp. 400–404 in C.R. Veitch, M.N. Clout, A.R. Martin, J.C. Russell and C.J. West (Eds): Island invasives: scaling up to meet the challenge. Occasional Paper SSC no. 62. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. Xiv + 734 pp.

Weed eradication on Raoul Island, Kermadec Islands, New Zealand: progress and prognosis.
C.J. West and D. Havell. 2019. Pp. 435–442 in Veitch, M.N. Clout, A.R. Martin, J.C. Russell and C.J. West (Eds): Island invasives: scaling up to meet the challenge. Occasional Paper SSC no. 62. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. Xiv + 734 pp.

Costs and benefits for biodiversity following rat and cat eradication on Te Hauturu-o-Toi/Little Barrier Island.
R. Griffiths, E. Bell, J. Campbell, P. Cassey, J.G. Ewen, C. Green, L. Joyce, M. Raynor, R. Toy, D. Towns, L. Wade, R. Walle and C.R. Veitch. 2019. Pp. 558–567 in Veitch, M.N. Clout, A.R. Martin, J.C. Russell and C.J. West (Eds): Island invasives: scaling up to meet the challenge. Occasional Paper SSC no. 62. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. Xiv + 734 pp.

The diversity of population responses to environmental change.
Fernando Colchero, Owen R. Jones, Dalia A. Conde, David Hodgson, Felix Zajitschek, Benedikt R. Schmidt, Aurelio F. Malo, Susan C. Alberts, Peter H. Becker, Sandra Bouwhuis, Anne M. Bronikowski, Kristel M. De Vleeschouwer, Richard J. Delahay, Stefan Dummermuth, Eduardo Fernandez-Duque, John Frisenvænge, Martin Hesselsøe, Sam Larson, Jean-Francois Lemaıtre, Jennifer McDonald, David A.W. Miller, Colin O’Donnell, Craig Packer, Becky E. Raboy, Chris J. Reading, Erik Wapstra, Henri Weimerskirch, Geoffrey M. While, Annette Baudisch, Thomas Flatt, Tim Coulson and Jean-Michel Gaillard. 2019. Ecology Letters 22: 342–353. Doi: 10.1111/ele.13195.

Australasian little grebe (Tachybaptus novaehollandiae) breeding on Whangarei sewerage wetlands, New Zealand, 2015–2017.
A.J. Beauchamp. 2019. Notornis 66(1): 16–22.

Landscape-scale applications of 1080 pesticide benefit North Island brown kiwi (Apteryx mantelli) and New Zealand fantail (Rhipidura fuliginosa) in Tongariro Forest, New Zealand.
H.A. Robertson, J. Guillotel, T. Lawson and N. Sutton. 2019. Notornis 66(1): 1–15.

A survey of four shag species in the outer Queen Charlottle Sound, New Zealand.
L.B. Chilvers, H. Curtis, V. Zintzen, L. Wakelin and S.W. Geange. 2019. Short note. Notornis 66(1): 37–40.

Buffering artificial nest boxes for Procellariiformes breeding in exposed habitats: investigating effects on temperature and humidity.
J.H. Fischer, J. Chambon, I. Debski, J.A. Hiscock, R. Cole, G.A. Taylor and H.U. Wittmer. 2018. Notornis 65(1): 35–41

A census of nesting pairs of the endemic New Zealand king shag (Leucocarbo carunculatus) in 2016 and 2017.
Rob Schuckard, Mike Bell, Peter Frost, Graeme Taylor and Terry Greene. 2018. Notornis 65(2): 59‒66.

Dispersal of translocated endemic passerines to nearby islands in Chalky and Preservation Inlets, southern Fiordland, New Zealand
Colin M. Miskelly, Colin R. Bishop, Terry C. Greene and Alan J.D. Tennyson. 2018. Short note. Notornis 65(4): 239–241.

An estimate of the Hutton’s shearwater (Puffinus huttoni) population in the Kaikōura region using colour-marking in 2002 and 2014.
Lindsay K. Rowe, R. Paul Scofield, Graeme A. Taylor and Richard J. Barker. Notornis 65(4): 196–201.

Major changes in the red-billed gull (Larus novaehollandiae scopulinus) population at Kaikoura Peninsula, New Zealand; causes and consequences: a review.
James A. Mills, John W. Yarrall, Janet M. Bradford-Grieve, Mike Morrissey and Deborah A. Mills. 1918. Notornis 65(1): 14–26.

Seasonal and environmental effects on morepork (Ninox n. novaeseelandiae) vocalisations in two forests in Northland, New Zealand.
Rogan Colbourne and Andrew Digby. 2018. Notornis 65(1): 27–34.

The status of the red-billed gull (Larus novaehollandiae scopulinus) in New Zealand, 2014–2016.
Peter G.H. Frost and Graeme A. Taylor. 2018. Notornis 65(1): 1–13

Vertebrate prey in the diets of free-ranging kiwi (Apteryx spp.).
Matthew S. Savoca, Jane Gardiner, Rogan Colbourne and Alan J. Tennyson. 2018. Notornis 65(4): 242–244.

Connecting island communities on a global scale: case studies in island biosecurity.
Juliana Matos, Annie Little, Keith Broome, Euan Kennedy and Federico Mendez Sanchez et al. 2018. Western North American Naturalist 78(4): 959–972. https://doi.org/10.3398/064.078.0432

Spatial capture-mark-resight estimation of animal population density.
Murray G. Efford and Christine M. Hunter. 2018: Biometrics 74(2): 411–420. https://doi.org/10.1111/biom.12766

A new toxin delivery device for stoats – results from a pilot field trial.
Elaine Murphy, Tim Sjoberg, Peter Dilks, Des Smith, Duncan MacMorran, Paul Aylett and James Ross. 2018. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 45(3): 184–191. https://doi.org/10.1080/03014223.2018.1461118

Trialling monitoring methods for feral cats, ferrets and rodents in the Whangamarino wetland.
Craig Gillies and Matthew Brady. 2018. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 45(3): 192–212. https://doi.org/10.1080/03014223.2017.1418756

Interactions between ship rats and house mice at Pureora Forest Park.
Lucy Bridgman, John Innes, Craig Gillies, Neil Fitzgerald, Maheswaran Rohan and Carolyn King. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 45(3): 238–256. https://doi.org/10.1080/03014223.2018.1464477

Novel edible coatings to improve longevity of rodent baits.
Shona Sam, James Ross, Tom Agnew, Hussam Razzaq, Carmel Woods, Nick Tucker and Elaine Murphy. 2018. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 45(3): 257–266.
https://doi.org/10.1080/03014223.2018.1469518

Mouse management on Ōtamahua/Quail Island – lessons learned.
Mike H. Bowie, Jacky Madi Corodji, Denise Ford, James G. Ross, Ian McLennan, Rachel M. Fewster and Elaine C. Murphy. 2018. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 45(3): 267–285. https://doi.org/10.1080/03014223.2018.1482929

A new species of scincid lizard in the genus Oligosoma (Reptilia: Scincidae) from the mid-Canterbury high country, New Zealand.
T. Whitaker, D.G. Chapple, R.A. Hitchmough, M. Lettink, M. and G.B. Patterson. 2018. Zootaxa 4377(2): 269–279. https://doi.org/10.1080/03014223.2018.1482929

Can aerial herbicide application control Grey Willow (Salix cinerea L.) and stimulate native plant recovery in New Zealand wetlands?
James Griffiths, Helen Armstrong, Rachel Innes and Jon Terry. 2018. Ecological Management & Restoration 19(1): 49–57. https://doi.org/10.1111/emr.12299

Agricultural intensification, ownership, and landscape change in the Mackenzie Basin.
Ann Brower, Rowan Sprague, Marion Vernotte and Hamish McNair. Journal of New Zealand Grasslands 80: 47–54.

Ajax the kea dog: a working dog’s life in the high country.
Corey Mosen. 2018. Allen & Unwin New Zealand. 256 p.

Assessing the population trend and threats to New Zealand’s Fiordland crested penguin using counting and demographic modelling approaches.
Helen Otley, Hannah Edmonds, Jo Hiscock, Glen Newton, Jane Tansell, Paul van Klink, Rebecca Wilson and Ian Westbrooke. 2018. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 42(2): 125–136. DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.20417/nzjecol.42.15

Clearing islands as refugia for black-fronted tern (Chlidonias albostriatus) breeding colonies in braided rivers.
Ann-Kathrin V. Schlesselmann, Colin F.J. O’Donnell, Joanne M. Monks and Bruce C. Robertson. 2018. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 42(2): 137–148. DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.20417/nzjecol.42.23

Changes in density of hihi (Notiomystis cincta), tīeke (Philesturnus rufusater) and tūī (Prosthemadera novaeseelandiae) on Little Barrier Island (Te Hauturu-o-Toi), Hauraki Gulf, Auckland, 2005–2013.
Robin Toy, Terry C. Greene, Brenda S. Greene, Alicia Warren and Richard Griffiths. 2018. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 42(2): 149–157. DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.20417/nzjecol.42.24

Effects of the aerial application of 1080 to control pest mammals on kea reproductive success.
Joshua R. Kemp, Corey C. Mosen, Graeme P. Elliott and Christine M. Hunter. 2018. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 42(2): 158–168. DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.20417/nzjecol.42.28

Calibrating brushtail possum (Trichosurus vulpecula) occupancy and abundance index estimates from leg-hold traps, wax tags and chew cards in the Department of Conservation’s Biodiversity and Monitoring Reporting System.
David M. Forsyth, Mike Perry, Paul Moloney, Meredith McKay, Andrew M. Gormley, Bruce Warburton, Peter Sweetapple and Robyn Dewhurst. 2018. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 42(2): 179–191. DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.20417/nzjecol.42.20

Can a reduced rate of herbicide benefit native plants and control ground cover weeds?
Kate G. McAlpine, Shona L. Lamoureaux, Susan M. Timmins and Debra M. Wotton. 2018. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 42(2): 204–213. DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.20417/nzjecol.42.34

Estimating population growth rates from tracking tunnels.
Graeme P. Elliott, Joshua Kemp and James C. Russell. 2018. Short communication. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 42(2): 269–272. DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.20417/nzjecol.42.19

Composition of the understory in 132 woody weed populations and implications for succession.
Kate G. McAlpine, Susan M. Timmins, Sarah D. Jackman and Shona L. Lamoureaux. 2018. Short communication. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 42(2): 277–283. DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.20417/nzjecol.42.33

Growth response of an invasive alien species to climate variations on subantarctic Campbell Island
J.G. Palmer, C.S.M. Turney, C. Fogwill, P. Fenwick, Z. Thomas, M. Lipson, R.T. Jones, B. Beavan, S.J. Richardson and J.M. Wilmshurst. 2018. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 42(1): 31–39. DOI: https://doi.org/10.20417/nzjecol.42.2

Weather and demographics affect Dactylanthus flower visitation by New Zealand lesser short-tailed bats.
Zenon J. Czenze and Tertia Thurley. 2018. Short communication. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 42(1): 80–84. DOI: https://doi.org/10.20417/nzjecol.42.8

The behavioural energetics of New Zealand’s bats: daily torpor and hibernation, a continuum.
Brian K. McNab and Colin O’Donnell. 2018. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology, Volume 223: 18–22.

The winners: species that have benefited from 30 years of conservation action.
Nicola J. Nelson, James V. Briskie, Rochelle Constantine, Joanne Monks, Graham P. Wallis, Corinne Watts and Debra M. Wotton. 2018. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/03036758.2018.1518249

The energetics of torpor in a temperate passerine endemic to New Zealand, the rifleman (Acanthisitta chloris).
Brian Mcnab, Kerry A. Weston. 2018. Journal of Comparative Physiology B 188(5): 855–862. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00360-018-1175-0

Novel genetic variation in an isolated population of the nationally critical Haast tokoeka (Apteryx australis ‘Haast’) reveals extreme short-range structure within this cryptic and flightless bird.
Daniel J. White, Ana Ramón-Laca, Jacinda Amey and Hugh A. Robertson. 2018. Conservation Genetics 19(6): 1401–1410. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10592-018-1109-0

Extraction of DNA from captive-sourced feces and molted feathers provides a novel method for conservation management of New Zealand kiwi (Apteryx spp.).
Ana Ramón-Laca, Daniel J. White, Jason T. Weir and Hugh A. Robertson. 2018. Ecology and Evolution 8(6): 3119–3130. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.3795

Non-detection of honeybee hive contamination following Vespula wasp baiting with protein containing fipronil.
Eric Edwards, Ethan F. Woolly, Rose M. McLellan and Robert A. Keyzers. 2018. PLoS ONE 13(10): e0206385. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0206385

Control of invasive predators improves breeding success of an endangered alpine passerine.
Kerry A. Weston, Colin F. J. O’Donnell, Paul van dam‐Bates, Joanne M. Monks. Short communication. 2018. Ibis 160(4): 892–899. https://doi.org/10.1111/ibi.12617

Mitogenomics data reveal effective population size, historical bottlenecks, and the effects of hunting on New Zealand fur seals (Arctocephalus forsteri).
Arsalan Emami-Khoyi, Adrian M. Paterson, David A. Hartley, Laura J. Boren, Robert H. Cruickshank, James G. Ross, Elaine C. Murphy, Terry-Ann Else. 2018. Mitochondrial DNA Part A 29(4): 567-580. https://doi.org/10.1080/24701394.2017.1325478

Environmental factors and fisheries influence the foraging patterns of a sub-tropical seabird, the Westland Petrel (Procellaria westlandica), in the Tasman Sea.
Susan M. Waugh, James W. Griffiths, Timothee A. Poupart, Dominique P. Filippi, Karyne Rogers and John Y.P. Arnould. 2018. The Condor: Ornithological Applications 120(2): 371–387. https://doi.org/10.1650/CONDOR-17-179.1

The circadian variation of oocyst shedding of Eimeria spp. affecting brown kiwi (Apteryx mantelli).
Harry S. Taylor, Kerri J. Morgan, Bill E. Pomroy, Kate McInnes and Nicolas Lopez-Villalobos. Short communication. 2018. Parasitology Research 117(9): 2997–3001. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00436-018-5945-0

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