Tongariro Alpine Crossing

Image: Graeme Murray | ©

Introduction

Trek across a volcanic alpine landscape of dramatic contrasts – steaming vents, glacial valleys, ancient lava flows, alpine vegetation and vivid crater lakes, all with stunning views.

Highlights

All drone use must be authorised by DOC

A concession is required to fly a drone on any public conservation land - apply to fly recreationally or commercially.

Tongariro National Park is a UNESCO dual World Heritage Area and was the first in the world to receive cultural World Heritage Status.

Track overview

19.4 km one way

Walking and tramping

7-8 hr (allow full day) Intermediate: Great Walk/Easier tramping track

Seasonal restrictions

  • From the beginning of Labour weekend in October to 30 April parking restrictions (4 hr maximum) are in place at the road-ends - book a shuttle.
  • Over winter, additional hazards are present: snow and ice, avalanche risk, and sub-zero temperatures.

Dog access

No dogs

About this track

Description

This challenging trip begins at 1120 m, climbs the Mangatepopo Valley to the saddle between Mount Tongariro and Mount Ngauruhoe, through South Crater before climbing again to Red Crater, the highest point on the crossing at 1886 m.

You will then descend on a volcanic rock scree track to the vivid Emerald Lakes, known as Ngarotopounamu (greenstone-hued lakes). After passing Blue Lake, also known as Te Wai-whakaata-o-te-Rangihiroa (Rangihiroa’s mirror), the track sidles around the northern slope of Tongariro, then descends in a zigzag track past Ketetahi Shelter and down to the road end at 760 m. 

Be prepared for a long and challenging day out.

Winter conditions

You need special skills and preparation to complete the Tongariro Alpine Crossing in winter. An ice axe and crampons are essential, as is competency using them. 

How to tramp the Tongariro Alpine Crossing in winter

Getting there

The nearest towns are:

  • Whakapapa (10.4 km)
  • National Park (13.5 km)
  • Turangi (36.7 km)
  • Raetihi (47.6 km)
  • Ohakune (48 km)
  • Taumaranui (61.5 km)
  • Taupo (86.5 km)

There is very limited parking near the access points to the track. From the beginning of Labour weekend in October to 30 April , parking restrictions will be in place at road-ends. Excellent shuttle services run from all local towns - arrange through the following i-SITEs:

  • Whakapapa i-SITE +64 7 892 3075, State Highway 48, Whakapapa Village
  • Turangi  i-SITE 0800 288 726, Ngawaka Place, Turangi
  • Ohakune i-SITE 0800 647 483, 54 Clyde Street, Ohakune
  • Taumarunui i-Site 07 895 7494, Railway Station, Taumarunui
  • Taupo i-SITE 0800 525 382, 30 Tongariro Street, Taupo

Nature and conservation

This is the perfect habitat for a variety of New Zealand’s native birds. In forested areas, you may see bellbird/korimakotūīNew Zealand robin/toutouwaitomtit/miromirofantail/pīwakawaka, and maybe New Zealand's smallest bird the rifleman/titipounamu.  Part of the shuttle fee of about $40 helps the Department of Conservation with conservation projects.

History and culture

All waterways including the lakes on Tongariro and his peaks Ngauruhoe and Ruapehu are sacred to local iwi, Ngāti Hikairo ki Tongariro. Kaumātua Te Ngaehe Wanikau asks visitors to the area to respect the sanctity of the maunga tapu (sacred mountains) by not touching or entering any of the waterways including the alpine lakes. Ngāti Hikairo ki Tongariro places extreme importance on their guardian role in protecting Tongariro and his peaks.

Ngatoroirangi, the founding ancestor of Ngāti Tuwharetoa, the local iwi (Māori tribe), ascended the great mountains of the Central Plateau 30 generations ago. It was then that he named Tongariro and the many features of the surrounding landscape, declaring this area as home for his descendants. It is from these beginnings that Ngāti Tuwharetoa maintains its intrinsic responsibility to protect the mountainous area to which they belong.

The generosity and foresight of Ngāti Tuwharetoa saw the heart of the mountainous area made sacrosanct in 1887, with the intent that the Crown would stand alongside Ngāti Tuwharetoa to ensure the continued protection of Tongariro. This led to the establishment of the Tongariro National Park in 1894, a first for New Zealand, and fourth in the world. 

In 1993, Tongariro became the first property to be inscribed on the World Heritage List under the revised criteria describing cultural landscapes. The mountains at the heart of the park have cultural and spiritual significance to Ngāti Tuwharetoa and symbolise the spiritual links between this community and its environment. The park has active and extinct volcanoes, a diverse range of ecosystems and some remarkable landscapes. 

The continued occupation by Ngāti Tuwharetoa in this environment ensures the cultural, spiritual and environmental values are protected and shared with all those who encounter this dynamic landscape.

Know before you go

What to expect
  • Change in elevation: +/- 1196 m

Elevation profile of Tongariro Alpine Crossing.

Hazards
  • Alpine environment with rapidly changing weather conditions at all times of the year. It is common to experience strong wind, high rainfall, heavy snowfall and rapid changes in temperature, even in summer. Check the Tongariro National Park weather forecast on the MetService website.
  • Volcanic risk. This is an active volcanic area, and eruptions are possible at any time without warning. Active volcanic vents on the Tongariro Alpine Crossing are Mount Ngauruhoe, Red Crater, and Te Maari Craters. Volcanic hazard zones surround all of these vents. If you are within one of these areas when an eruption happens, you may be in danger. Know the volcanic risks and what to do in an eruption. Check the latest volcanic activity information before you go, at the Tongariro National Park Visitor Centre and on the Geonet website.
  • Winter snow. Do not attempt this trip when snow is present unless you are experienced in the backcountry and have an ice axe, crampons and are experienced in avalanche terrain. Visit www.avalanche.net.nz for updated avalanche forecasts. In winter, the use of a guide is highly recommended
Amenities
  • Toilets are every 1–2 hr along the track.
Be prepared

Ensure you take:

  • plenty of drinking water - water along the track is not suitable for drinking
  • a water/windproof jacket and pants, hat and gloves, sunscreen and wear warm, layered clothing
  • sturdy footwear such as tramping boots
  • head torch and mobile phone.

How to pack for a day walk

Before you go into the outdoors, tell someone your plans and leave a date to raise the alarm if you haven't returned. To do this, use the New Zealand Outdoors Intentions process on the AdventureSmart website. It is endorsed by New Zealand's search and rescue agencies and provides three simple options to tell someone you trust the details about your trip.

Learn more about preparing for a day walk in Day walks guide: English | Français | Español | Deutsch

In the area

For information on transport, accommodation, activities, and attractions in the Ruapehu and Lake Taupo region, refer to www.visitruapehu.com and www.greatlaketaupo.com  

Winter tramping/hiking

Brochure: Tongariro Alpine Crossing: Winter – Are you prepared? (PDF, 1,265K)

You need special skills and preparation to complete the Tongariro Alpine Crossing in winter. There are increased risks from snow, ice, avalanche terrain and sub-zero temperatures.

If you’re a well-prepared, competent winter alpine tramper, it can be a fantastic experience. If you aren’t experienced and equipped for alpine travel, choose another track.

This page provides advice pertinent to winter crossings – see know before you go for other relevant advice about the Tongariro Alpine Crossing.

Prepare for a long, challenging day

tongariro-alpine-crossing-nine-hours.png

Allow 9 hours to complete the walk. There are between 9 and 11 hours of daylight in winter, so leave early enough to complete the trip before it gets dark. Always take a head torch.

Be prepared to turn back if conditions are no longer safe or if your progress is too slow.

Dress for cold, windy and icy conditions

On a calm day, Red Crater is at least 10°C colder than Taupo and 5°C colder than the start of the track – subtract another 2°C for every 10 km/h of wind:

Eg, when it’s 10°C (50°F) in Taupo, a calm day at Red Crater will be about 2°C (35°F). This feels more like -2°C (28°F) with moderate winds of 20 km/h (11 knots).

tongariro-alpine-crossing-clothing-layers.png

Conditions can change quickly. Layer your clothes to trap warm air in and keep cold wind out. Start with a base layer of polypropylene/merino, add an insulation layer of fleece/wool and finish with a waterproof shell layer.

Expect ice on the track between April and October. A helmet, crampons and ice axe are essential, as is competency using them. 38% of tramping injuries are from slipping.

Be avalanche alert

Take an avalanche transceiver, avalanche probe and snow shovel, and be competent using them.

How to be avalanche alert in Tongariro National Park

Take these essentials

  • Plenty of drinking water (water along the track is not suitable for drinking), food and toilet paper
  • Waterproof jacket and pants, hat, gloves, sunscreen, and warm, layered clothing
  • Sturdy tramping or mountaineering boots
  • Crampons, ice axe and helmet
  • Avalanche transceiver, avalanche probe and snow shovel
  • Mobile phone, personal locator beacon (PLB), head torch and spare batteries
  • Map, compass and/or GPS

Make a plan

Talk with someone at the Tongariro National Park Visitor Centre who knows the current crossing conditions.

Plan your trip – Mountain Safety Council website

Know the route – deep snow can hide track markers. 

Check the latest:

Shuttle buses generally don't operate during winter, but guided trips include transport.

Go with a guide

Know your limits. Have a memorable and safe experience with the following approved Tongariro Alpine Crossing guiding companies:

Contacts

Tongariro National Park Visitor Centre
Phone:   +64 7 892 3729
Fax:   +64 4 471 1117
Email:   tongarirovc@doc.govt.nz
Address:   Whakapapa Village
State Highway 48
Mount Ruapehu
Postal Address:   PO Box 71029
Whakapapa Village
Mount Ruapehu 3951
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