Learn the various native wetland and river/stream margin native that grow in Canterbury.

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Wetland and river/stream margin native plants (PDF, 1,172K)

Grown from seed collected from Motukarara and Christchurch native vegetation remnants.

The Christchurch natural vegetation pattern in pre-human times was diverse. Between the floodplains of the northern rivers, the estuary and coastal dunes in the east, and the loess-capped basalt of the Port Hills to the south there was a huge mosaic of open swampland, swamp forest, woodland and tussock grassland.

Riccarton Bush is a fine example of the tall podocarp/hardwood forest that once thrived on the poorly drained alluvial sediments of the Waimakariri River and its tributaries.

The species represented in this garden are a sample of the Christchurch and Motukarara wetlands, and river- and stream-margin plants. Other plant species appropriate to Christchurch can be found in our Coastal, Banks Peninsula and Canterbury Plains Gardens.

Consult the Motukarara Nursery catalogue or other recommended literature for the height and spread of species, environmental preferences and tolerances.

For the selection of the native plants natural to different areas of Christchurch, see the Ecosystem Maps of Christchurch published by Christchurch Otautahi Agenda 21 Committee or the Streamside Planting Guide, published by the Water Services Unit of the Christchurch City Council

Wetland and river/stream margin

Species name and common name

  1. Baumea rubiginosa New Zealand sedge
  2. Bolboschoenus caldwellii purua, sedge
  3. Bulbinella angustifolia Mäori onion
  4. Carex buchananii matirewa, cutty grass
  5. Carex flagellifera mänia, tussock grass
  6. Carex flaviformis pürei, yellow sedge
  7. Carex geminata rautahi, cutty grass
  8. Carex maorica
  9. Carex secta pükio
  10. Carex solandri
  11. Carex virgata swamp sedge
  12. Coprosma propinqua mingimingi
  13. Coprosma robusta karamü
  14. Cordyline australis ti köuka, cabbage tree
  15. Cortaderia richardii toetoe
  16. Cyperus ustulatus toetoewhatu, giant umbrella sedge
  17. Dacrycarpus dacrydioides kahikatea, white pine
  18. Elaeocarpus hookerianus pökäkä
  19. Eleocharis acuta sharp spike sedge
  20. Hebe salicifolia koromiko
  21. Juncus caespiticius wï, grass-leaved rush
  22. Juncus gregiflorus wï, leafless rush
  23. Juncus pallidus wï, giant rush, leafless rush
  24. Juncus planifolius
  25. Juncus sarophorus
  26. Leptospermum scoparium mänuka, tea tree
  27. Leptocarpus similis oioi, jointed wire rush
  28. Lophomyrtus obcordata röhutu, New Zealand myrtle
  29. Mazus novae-zelandiae subsp. impolitus mazus
  30. Phormium tenax harakeke, New Zealand flax
  31. Pittosporum tenuifolium köhühu
  32. Schoenoplectus pungens three square
  33. Schoenoplectus validus lake clubrush
  34. Schoenus pauciflorus
  35. Zotovia avenacea pätïtï, bush rice grass

Some Maori names are generic, eg.
wi – tussock spp. and some rush spp.

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