Introduction

Learn about native plants of the Banks Peninsula area.

Download the publication

Native plants natural to Banks Peninsula (PDF, 1,491K)

Grown from seed collected from Mt Herbert, Port Hills and Akaroa Ecological Districts.

Almost all of Banks Peninsula was once covered in native forest. Exceptions were very steep, exposed sites, and areas too swampy to support trees.

This forest, the result of many millions of years of land formation and evolution, had the same or similar plants species 20,000 years ago as we find today in the remaining reserves and vegetation remnants. However, at least 15 species have been lost.

Most of this forest was felled or burned during the first 50 years of European occupation.

Today the remnants of this ancient forest reflect their stage of regeneration and site characteristics such as altitude, aspect, soil type and proximity to the coast: podocarps occur on fertile valley floors, podocarp/hardwood forest on lower slopes, mountain totara grows above 500 metres, coastal forest (including the warmth-demanding species like ngaio and nikau palm) and open tussockland occur on drier, north-facing slopes.

A dozen tree and shrub species reach their natural southern limit on Banks Peninsula. Two shrubs (Hebe lavaudiana, Hebe strictissima) and one herb species (Celmisia mackaui) are unique to Banks Peninsula.

Planting the species represented in these gardens will eventually provide the shelter and canopy for the regeneration of other species, the habitat for native fauna and a seed source for natural regeneration.

Banks Peninsula lowland and mountain

Species name and common name

M = Banks Peninsula montane
RO = Banks Peninsula rock outcrops
T = threatened
R = rare
E = endemic to Banks Peninsula

  1. Acaena anserinifolia (RO)
  2. Acaena caesiglauca (RO)
  3. Aciphylla aurea (RO) taramea, golden Spaniard
  4. Aciphylla subflabellata (RO) kurikuri, spear grass
  5. Alectryon excelsus titoki, NZ ash
  6. Anemanthele lessoniana hunangämoho, wind grass, bamboo grass
  7. Anisotome aromatica (RO) pinakitere
  8. Aristotelia fruticosa (RO) mountain wineberry
  9. Aristotelia serrata makomako, wineberry
  10. Arthropodium candidum (RO)
  11. Astelia fragrans (M) kakaha, bush lily
  12. Brachyglottis lagopus (RO)
  13. Brachyglottis sciadophila climbing groundsel
  14. Carex forsteri
  15. Carex geminata
  16. Carex solandri
  17. Carmichaelia australis
  18. Carmichaelia kirkii maukoro, scrambling broom (T)
  19. Carpodetus serratus putaputäwëtä, marble leaf
  20. Celmisia gracilenta (RO)
  21. Celmisia mackaui (RO) (E) Akaroa daisy
  22. Chionochloa conspicua (M) hunangämoho
  23. Chionochloa rigida (M)
  24. Clematis afoliata
  25. Clematis foetida
  26. Clematis marata
  27. Clematis paniculata
  28. Coprosma acerosa (RO)
  29. Coprosma areolata thin-leaved coprosma
  30. Coprosma crassifolia
  31. Coprosma linariifolia yellow wood
  32. Coprosma lucida
  33. Coprosma propinqua mingimingi
  34. Coprosma rhamnoides
  35. Coprosma rigida
  36. Coprosma robusta karamü
  37. Coprosma rotundifolia round-leaved coprosma
  38. Coprosma rubra (M)
  39. Coprosma sp. ‘Taylorii’
  40. Coprosma virescens
  41. Coprosma wallii (M) (T)
  42. Cordyline australis ti köuka, cabbage tree
  43. Cordyline indivisa (M) (R) tï töï, broad-leaved cabbage tree
  44. Coriaria arborea
  45. Corokia cotoneaster
  46. Cyathodes juniperina (M)
  47. Dacrycarpus dacrydioides kahikatea, white pine
  48. Dianella nigra türutu, blueberry
  49. Discaria toumatou tümatakuru, matagouri
  50. Dodonaea viscosa akeake
  51. Dracophyllum acerosum (M)
  52. Elaeocarpus hookerianus pökäkä
  53. Festuca actae (E) anks Peninsula blue tussock
  54. Festuca novae-zelandiae wï, fescue tussock
  55. Fuchsia excorticata kotukutuku, fuchsia
  56. Fuchsia perscandens (RO) (R) kotukutuku, climbing fuchsia
  57. Gaultheria antipoda (M)
  58. Gaultheria depressa (M)
  59. Geum parviflorum (RO)
  60. Gingidia enysii (RO) naupiro
  61. Gingidia montana (RO)
  62. Griselinia littoralis päpäuma, broadleaf
  63. Gunnera monoica (RO)
  64. Hebe odora (RO) korokio, boxwood
  65. Hebe salicifolia koromiko
  66. Hebe strictissima (E) koromiko
  67. Hedycarya arborea pöporokaiwhiri, pigeonwood
  68. Helichrysum bellidioides (RO)
  69. Heliohebe lavaudiana (RO) (T) (E)
  70. Helychrysum lanceolatum niniao
  71. Hierochloe redolens käretu, holy scented grass
  72. Hoheria angustifolia houhi puruhi, narrow-leaved lacebark
  73. Hoheria populnea var lanceolata (E) lacebark,houhere
  74. Kunzea ericoides känuka
  75. Leptospermum scoparium mänuka, tea tree
  76. Leucopogon fasciculatus (M)
  77. Leucopogon fraseri (M)
  78. Libertia ixioides mikoikoi, New Zealand iris
  79. Libocedrus bidwillii (M) (R)
  80. Lophomyrtus obcordata röhutu, NZ myrtle
  81. Luzula rufa (M)
  82. Macropiper excelsum kawakawa, pepper tree
  83. Melicope simplex poataniwha
  84. Melicytus micranthus
  85. Melicytus alpinus (RO) mountain mähoe, porcupine shrub
  86. Melicytus ramiflorus mähoe, whiteywood
  87. Metrosideros diffusa (RO)
  88. Myoporum laetum ngaio
  89. Myosotis australis var. “lytteltonensis” (RO) (T) (E)
  90. Myrsine australis mäpou, matipou
  91. Myrsine divaricata weeping mäpou
  92. Myrsine nummularia (RO) creeping mäpou, creeping matipou
  93. Neomyrtus pendunculata röhutu
  94. Nothofagus fusca (M) tawhairaunui, red beech
  95. Nothofagus solandri (M) tawhairauriki, black beech
  96. Olearia arborescens (RO) common tree-daisy
  97. Olearia avicenniaefolia (RO) akeake
  98. Olearia bullata
  99. Olearia fragrantissima (T) akeake
  100. Olearia ilicifolia (M) hakeke, mountain holly
  101. Olearia nummularifolia (RO) akeake, shrub daisy
  102. Olearia paniculata akiraho, golden akeake
  103. Ourisia lactea (RO)
  104. Parahebe lyallii (RO)
  105. Parsonsia heterophylla kaihua, New Zealand jasmine
  106. Passiflora tetrandra
  107. Pennantia corymbosa kaikömako
  108. Phormium cookianum (M)
  109. Phormium tenax harakeke, New Zealand flax
  110. Pittosporum eugenioides tarata, lemonwood
  111. Pittosporum tenuifolium köhühu
  112. Plagianthus regius mänatu, ribbonwood
  113. Poa cita wï, silver tussock
  114. Poa colensoi
  115. Podocarpus hallii (M) mountain tötara
  116. Podocarpus totara tötara
  117. Pratia angulata (RO)
  118. Prumnopitys ferruginea miro
  119. Prumnopitys taxifolia mätai, black pine
  120. Pseudopanax arboreus whauwhaupaku, five finger
  121. Pseudopanax colensoi (M) orihou, mountain five finger
  122. Pseudopanax crassifolius horoeka, lancewood
  123. Raukaua anomalus
  124. Raukaua edgerleyi
  125. Pseudopanax ferox fierce lancewood
  126. Pseudowintera colorata horopito, pepper tree
  127. Rubus cissoides (RO)
  128. Rubus schmidelioides (RO)
  129. Rubus squarrosus (RO)
  130. Scandia geniculata
  131. Schefflera digitata patë
  132. Scleranthus uniflorus (RO)
  133. Scleranthus biflorus (RO)
  134. Sophora microphylla
  135. Sophora prostrata (RO) dwarf köwhai
  136. Streblus heterophyllus
  137. Teucridium parvifolium
  138. Unicinia rubra (M)
  139. Unicinia uncinata hook sedge
  140. Zotovia avenacea pätïtï, bush rice grass

Some Maori names are generic, eg.
wi – tussock spp.
karamu – Coprosma spp.
akeake – olearia spp.

back to top

Back to top