Pipit on Campbell Island

Image: Debbie Freeman | DOC


An independent review has considered whether the remaining 61% of the territorial sea should be included in the Campbell Island/Moutere Ihupuku Marine Reserve.

Date:  30 August 2019

Background and purpose

The Subantarctics Marine Protection Forum collaborative process led to the enactment of the Subantarctic Islands Marine Reserves Act 2014 (the Act).

Based on the recommendations of the Forum, the two responsible Ministers at that time (Minister of Conservation and Minister for Primary Industries) decided to implement a marine reserve over 39% of the territorial sea around Campbell Island/Moutere Ihupuku.

They also included a requirement that three years later a review would consider whether the remaining 61% of the territorial sea (called ‘the additional area’ in the legislation) should be included in the marine reserve.

Map of the positions of the marine reserve and the additional area (PDF, 482K)

Review and finding

The law required the review to be carried out by an independent reviewer and take into account the biodiversity values, as well as the value and impact of a deepwater crab fishery, in the additional area. The review also considered the existence, value and impact of any other fisheries in the additional area, and consulted all relevant stakeholders.

Envirostrat Consulting Limited (external site) was appointed to undertake the review and completed it within the statutory timeframe.

The review’s recommendation was that Campbell Island/Moutere Ihupuku Marine Reserve be extended to include the additional area and cover the entire territorial sea around the island.

Response and next steps

In response, Ngāi Tahu expressed strong concerns about the potential impacts on their customary and commercial fishing rights and interests if the reserve were to be extended.

Under the Act, the Minister of Conservation and Minister of Fisheries must decide whether to extend the reserve through an Order in Council, no later than 2 March 2020.

The Ministers have requested agencies undertake further engagement with Ngāi Tahu to fully understand their concerns and interests, to help inform ministerial decisions before the statutory deadline of March 2020.

We are continuing work with Ngāi Tahu, our treaty partner, and the Ministry for Primary Industries to provide advice to the Ministers and support their decision-making.

A copy of the independent reviewer’s report will be made available on this website once Ministers have made their decision.


The DOC project manager overseeing the process is Rebecca Bird, email rbird@doc.govt.nz

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