Pelorus Bridge Scenic Reserve

Introduction

People on the rocks beside Pelorus River. Photo: Diana Parr.
People on the rocks beside Pelorus River

The Pelorus Bridge Scenic Reserve offers visitors the opportunity to relax and enjoy refreshing forest and river scenery, in one of the last stands of river flat forest in Marlborough.

Features

History - Māori

A succession of Māori tribes inhabited the area for several hundred years before the arrival of Europeans.

With marine and forest food in bountiful supply, coastal sites were favoured for settlements, while a network of tracks criss-crossed the less inhabited interior.

A small kāinga (village), Titi Raukawa, was situated at the junction of the Rai and Pelorus Rivers. The forest and rivers provided a natural larder for the settlement. There is also evidence of cultivation of the lower river flats.

Conflicts in the area in the 1820s caused significant population loss, and early European explorers found only a few native inhabitants.

Later history

Originally known to Māori as Te Hoiere, the Pelorus Sound and River were renamed following a visit to the area by Lieutenant Phillip Chetwode in the Royal Navy brig HMS Pelorus, in September 1838.

Following the European settlement of Nelson in 1842, the area was further explored for possible routes linking Nelson to the Wairau Valley. A Māori route leading over Maungatapu Saddle and down into the Pelorus Valley was developed into a bridle track, completed in 1859. Known then as ‘The Moketap’, the route was extensively used by settlers and travellers. In 1864 it carried a rush of hopeful prospectors to the new goldfield at Wakamarina.

In 1863 the first Pelorus Bridge was built. Then, in 1885, the year the second bridge was built, the route followed by the modern road (over Whangamoa and Rai Saddles) opened. The first coach trip between Blenheim and Nelson was completed in April of that year by William Pickering, who had operated a coach service between Blenheim and Havelock since 1879.

In the early 1880s the Pelorus Valley was still largely forested. The innovative William Brownlee built a bush tramway and sawmill in 1881. Over the next 25 years he milled most of the lowland forest, opening up land for settlers in the process. The site of the current reserve was spared only because it had been set aside for a township in 1865. Plans for the town were delayed and in 1912, with a slowly increasing awareness of the value of natural areas, a Scenic Reserve was created.

The forest

Pelorus Bridge Café. Photo: Diana Parr.
Pelorus Bridge Café

The vegetation in the reserve provides an excellent example of the type of fertile lowland forest which extended through the valleys of the region before European settlement. A mosaic of beech, podocarp and broadleaf species make up the forest, their distribution reflecting local variations in environmental conditions.

Black beech is abundant on steeper slopes while hard beech is more common on the spurs and the more rounded slopes. On the moister and more fertile river terraces, the emergent crowns of podocarps: rimu, mataī, miro, tōtara and kahikatea, tower over a hardwood canopy of kāmahi, mixed beech, hīnau, broadleaf and tawa, the latter reaching its southern limit here. Closer to the ground is a variety of shrubs, saplings, ferns, mosses and liverworts.

As you would expect such an environment is home to a variety of forest birds, both native and introduced. Although not always easy to see, their delightful songs can often be heard.

A population of endangered native bats also roosts in the area and is the subject of a pest control trapping programme to assist in their protection.

The Pelorus River drains a large, mostly forested catchment. The water is of a high quality and provides valuable habitat for many native plants and animals, as well as introduced trout.

Location

Between Blenheim and Nelson.

Getting there

The reserve is located midway between Blenheim and Nelson, on State Highway 6, 18 kilometres west of Havelock.

Activities

Bird and wildlife watching Bird and wildlife watching
Walking/tramping/hiking Walking/tramping/hiking

Bird and wildlife watching

As you would expect, such an environment is home to a variety of forest birds, both native and introduced. Although not always easy to see, their delightful songs can often be heard.

Café

Open daily with home cooked snacks and meals along with drinks, icecreams, basic camping supplies and souvenirs.

Hunting

Hunting is allowed by permit only, available from Department of Conservation offices.

View the latest pesticide summary for North and Western South Island 

More information on hunting in the Sounds area

For further hunting information in this area contact:

Waitohi / Picton Office
Phone:      +64 3 520 3002
Email:   picton@doc.govt.nz
Full office details
 

Places to stay


Campsite bookings:

For all camping information and bookings please enquire at the office beside the café, phone +64 3 571 6019 or email p.b.cafe@xtra.co.nz.

Office hours: 8:30 am–6:00 pm.

Kahikatea Flat campground

The campground is located beside the river, with access to several swimming holes and the major track systems in the reserve.

Wheelchair accessible toilets, showers and kitchen facilities are provided in a purpose-built building with expansive decking overlooking the river.

Note: This area is susceptible to flooding when rainfall is especially heavy and persistent.

Caravan/campervan park

Located across the road bridge on the river terrace, this serviced camping area has powered sites, toilets and showers.

Plan and prepare

  • Always carry warm, waterproof clothes, especially on longer walks. Take care when the tracks are wet or the river flooded. Remember your safety is your responsibility.
  • Cats, dogs and any other domestic animals are not allowed in the reserve.
  • Fires are not permitted in the reserve.
  • Rubbish facilities are provided in the car parks, outside the café and at the campground.
  • Watch out for wasps, especially on the trunks of beech trees in late summer and autumn.
  • Please protect the reserve’s clean waters. Use toilets where provided and keep soap out of rivers and streams.
  • Mountain bikes are not permitted in the reserve. The nearby Maungatapu track is a popular ride between the Pelorus Valley and Nelson.

Related link

Pelorus Bridge Scenic Reserve brochure (PDF, 772K)

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Safety

Follow the Outdoor Safety Code:
1. Plan your trip
2. Tell someone
3. Be aware of the weather
4. Know your limits
5. Take sufficient supplies

Alerts for Marlborough places

Contacts

Waitohi / Picton Office
Phone:      +64 3 520 3002
Email:   picton@doc.govt.nz
Full office details
 
Nelson Visitor Centre
Phone:      +64 3 546 9339
Address:   Millers Acre/Taha o te Awa
79 Trafalgar Street
Nelson 7010
Email:   nelsonvc@doc.govt.nz
Full office details