Looking towards Auckland City from Motuihe Island at sunset
The Hauraki Gulf Marine Park/Ko te Pataka kai o Tikapa Moana Te Moananui a Toi was established by special legislation in February 2000.
It is innovative for New Zealand but similar to many parks overseas.
The marine park protects important areas within a lived-in, worked-in environment and includes land controlled by different agencies.
The marine park protects in perpetuity the natural and historic features of the Hauraki Gulf/Tīkapa Moana that are of national and international importance for their quality and the presence of wildlife and plants not found anywhere else in the world.
An important feature is the provision for Deeds of Recognition, which acknowledge the relationship of tangata whenua with specified places, and identify opportunities for them to contribute to their management, whether by DOC or a Council.
Hauraki Gulf Marine Park logo
The Hauraki Gulf Marine Park Act 2000
By establishing some overall objectives for the Gulf, its islands and catchments, the Hauraki Gulf Marine Park Act achieves integrated management across land and sea, so that the effects of urban and rural land use on the Gulf are given proper attention and the life supporting capacity of the Gulf is protected.
The Act provides for integrated management of the Gulf across 21 statutes including the Resource Management Act, Conservation Act and Fisheries Act.
Hauraki Gulf Forum
The Hauraki Gulf Forum integrates management of the marine park across the boundaries of statutes and districts, through co-operation and better communication. It promotes the conservation and sustainable management of the natural, historic and physical resources of the Hauraki Gulf for the benefit and enjoyment of the people and communities of the Gulf and New Zealand.
Forum members include representatives of all local authorities adjoining the Gulf or its catchments, representatives of the Ministers of Conservation, Fisheries and Maori Affairs, together with six representatives from iwi. The Act requires the Forum to produce a 'State of the Environment Report'.
View of Te Hauturu-o-Toi/Little Barrier Island from Mt Hobson/Hirakimata, Great Barrier Island/Aotea
What does the Act not do?
The Hauraki Gulf Marine Park Act does not:
- Create new layers of bureaucracy - it should make existing systems more efficient and effective. The Forum is not a management agency for the Park.
- Change any statutory functions - the Ministry of Fisheries management of fisheries will remain, as will DOC's responsibilities for reserves, conservation areas and the seabed. Local authority responsibilities for the management of reserves and the Resource Management Act remain unchanged.
- Affect private property rights.
- Affect present or future claims by Maori to the Waitangi Tribunal or Maori Land Court.
- Affect commercial fishing, recreational fishing and customary fishing rights, except that in determining sustainability measures for the Gulf, the Minister of Fisheries will have to take into account the objectives of the Act.
Sea Change - Tai Timu Tai Pari
A marine spatial plan, Sea Change - Tai Timu Tai Pari, is currently being developed for the Hauraki Gulf Marine Park.