View of Motukiore Island
The track out to Motukiore Island starts off Whangarei Heads Road just past the Pines Golf Course.
Be prepared to get your feet wet as the track makes its way through the mangroves with the 'Pines' fairways on one side and the Whangarei Harbour on the other.
The sandspit out to the island is walkable at low tide only. Crossing is possible up to 3 hours either side of high tide.
Once out on the island feel free to roam as you please, from the prominent pa at the sourthern end of the island to the remains of the historic homestead at the northern end.
Motukiore Island is located in Parua Bay, approximately 8 km east of Whangarei, 400 m east of the end of Manganese Point
Nature and conservation
Motukiore Island is a 5-ha recreation reserve. Mature poutukawa trees are sprinkled amongst the grassy paddocks, and the birdlife is abundant around Motukiore Island. Terns and oystercatchers are frequent visitors.
The island features a well-preserved Maori Pa. Its ancient terraces are still clearly visible.
In the late 1960s the island was purchased by the Northland Harbour Board in advance of the encroaching development of Whangarei Harbour and was used as an island retreat. However the financial drain was too much to bear and the island was purchased by the Crown for the Hauraki Gulf Maritime Park in 1974. Since 1987 Motukiore has been managed by the Department of Conservation.
The island was purchased by the Crown for the Hauraki Gulf Maritime Park in 1974. Since 1987 Motukiore has been managed by the Department of Conservation.
History and culture
Motukiore Island has a fascinating history. It was both an important vantage point for Maori in prehistoric times, and a focus of early European industry in Whangarei Harbour.
Maori occupation of the island is evidenced in the form of the impressive terraced Maori pa at the southern end.
The Pa consists of a series of artificially levelled earthen terraces rising up the slope to a central tihi or platform at the summit. Typically, whare or houses would have been built on the terraces, along with associated structures like cook houses, drying racks for seafood and storage for fishing and gardening equipment.
The pa was defended by the slopes of the hill itself, probably augmented by wooden palisades and the two defensive ditch and bank features still visible on the ridge below the terraces.
Below the pa, the flats may have been gardened, and gardening may also have taken place on the nearby mainland. The gathering of fish and shellfish and the importance of marine resources to Maori is evident by the thick layer of midden or cooking refuse which rings the foreshore of the island.
European involvement with the island began in 1839 when Gilbert Mair senior landed men on the island to establish a pit-sawing venture to provide spars of native timber for ships plying New Zealand waters. The going was hard and circumstances lonely and difficult and the venture folded in less than six months. At about the same time the island was sold as part of a much larger block to Messrs Scott, Russell and Anderson by a group of local Maori chiefs, a sale confirmed by the Crown Native Land Commission in 1844.
View the painting "Shipbuilders' yard on an inlet of Whangarei Harbour, New Zealand, showing remains of a pah on Mootoo Kioray (Rat Id).1842." by Edward Ashworth. Reference number: MS-0104-072.
For the next 130 years the island was farmed by a succession of local and absentee owners who left their own mark in the form of homestead gardens and windbreaks on the northern and western sides of the island, farm fences and stockyards.
Around 1900 a homestead was built at the northern end of the island and in the 1930s a farm managers residence was built on the western side of the island. A New Zealand Farmers Weekly article from 1941 extolled the small-farming practices used on the island along with its many other virtues.
Know before you go
- The sandspit out to the island is walkable at low tide only.
- Check tide times and plan your walk to be on the sandspit two hours either side of low tide.
- Due to the coastal environment, track marking is limited but the island is visible all the way.
- Stick to the coastline and respect private property.