Many of these are sites of pre-European Māori settlement or activity. They range from very early archaeological sites to large fortified pa sites of later occupation. Many are considered wāhi tapu (sacred) by Māori . DOC also manages more recent historic places and structures including coastal defence sites
DOC also works with other agencies to protect important heritage places. One success story here is protection of the Otuataua Stonefields in South Auckland. Community groups such as the Rangitoto Island Historic Conservation Trust and Supporters of Tiritiri Matangi also help to conserve our cultural heritage. They raise funds for work and play a major role in managing historic places.