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About 66 types of sharks are found in New Zealand waters ranging in size from the tiny pygmy shark which grows up to 27 cm long to the 12-metre long whale shark.
Although turtles breed in the tropics and subtropics, there are five species of turtle that are seen in New Zealand waters. Green and Leatherback turtles are the most common.
Sea snakes and kraits are occasional visitors to New Zealand’s waters, arriving here naturally from time to time on ocean currents.
Spotted black grouper are only found in southeast Australia, Elizabeth and Middleton Reefs, Lord Howe, Norfolk Islands and northern New Zealand.
The New Zealand Threat Classification System is used to assess the threat status of our taxa (species, subspecies, varieties and forma).