Eldon’s galaxias are a sleek fish; dark grey-brown in colour. They also have creamy gold bars, bands or patches along their body.


With only 18 known populations left, Eldon’s galaxias are one of New Zealand’s rarest freshwater fish. Their total remaining habitat can fit in an area of less than 5.4 hectares.

Classified as ‘Nationally Endangered’ they share the same threat status as the rare South Island kākā. 

Eldon's galaxias factsheet (PDF, 793K)


Eldon’s galaxias (Galaxias eldoni) or Eldon’s, as they’re known, are found in eastern areas of Otago. They live in small tributaries of the Taieri, Waipori and Tokomairiro rivers, draining from the Lammerlaw range, downstream of Lake Mahinerangi.

They make their home under banks and amongst the gravels of very small headwater streams that are typically about 200–900 m above sea level and surrounded by vegetation such as tussock, mānuka and coprosma.


Features of Eldon’s galaxias include:

  • sleek, dark grey-brown, with creamy gold bars, bands or patches along their body
  • typically grow to up to 150 mm in length
  • difficult to spot during the day
  • feed on small stream invertebrates such as mayflies and stoneflies
  • spawn in spring (October to November), laying tiny 2 mm eggs during flood flows in streamside vegetation or small ‘caves’ in stream banks
  • can live up to 12 years.


Over the last decade we have lost 20% of known Eldon’s populations. This can be directly linked to the spread of sports fish (trout and brook char), which eat galaxiids; and changes in land use such as stock access to streams, reduction of native vegetation, land development and forest harvesting.

These land use changes impact on the streams in which galaxiids live, increasing sedimentation, changing natural flows through water abstraction, and reducing the amount of habitat available for spawning.

Find out how you can help non-migratory galaxiids.


This map shows the known locations of Eldon's galaxias, as at 2013.

Deep Stream
Deep Stream in Otago: Eldon's galaxias habitat

Known locations of Eldon's galaxias, as at 2013.
Source: New Zealand freshwater fish database

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