In the “Taxon plan for Northland brown kiwi

Burbridge, M.L.; Colbourne, R.M.; Robertson, H.A.; Baker, A.J. 2003: Molecular and other biological evidence supports the recognition of at least three species of brown kiwi. : 167–177.

Butler, D.; McLennan, J.A. 1991: Kiwi recovery plan. Threatened Species Recovery Plan 2. Department of Conservation, Wellington. 35 p.

Colbourne, R. 2002: Incubation behaviour and egg physiology of kiwi ( Apteryx spp.) in natural habitats. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 26(2): 129–138.

Colbourne, R. 2005; Kiwi ( Apteryx spp.) on offshore New Zealand islands: populations, translocations and identification of potential release sites. DOC Research and Development Series 208. Department of Conservation, Wellington. 24 p.

Colbourne, R.; Bassett, S.; Billing, T.; McCormick, H.; McLennan, J.A.; Nelson, A.; Robertson, H.A. 2005: The development of Operation Nest Egg as a tool in the conservation management of kiwi. Science for Conservation 259. Department of Conservation, Wellington. 24 p.

Colbourne, R.; Kleinpaste, R. 1983: A banding study of North Island brown kiwi in an exotic forest. Notornis 30(2): 109–124.

Fraser, I.; Johnson, T. 2009: Brown kiwi ( Apteryx mantelli) husbandry manual. Department of Conservation. 45 p.

Heather, B.; Robertson, H. 2005: The field guide to the birds of New Zealand. Penguin Books. Auckland, New Zealand.

Herbert, J.; Daugherty, C.H. 2002: Genetic variation, systematics and management of kiwi ( Apteryx spp.). In Overmars, F. (Ed.): Some early 1990s studies in kiwi ( Apteryx spp.) genetics and management. Science and Research Internal Report 191. Department of Conservation, Wellington.

Hitchmough, R.; Bull, L.; Cromarty, P. 2005: New Zealand Threat Classification System Lists 2005. Department of Conservation, Wellington. 194 p.

Holzapfel, S.A.; Robertson, H.A., McLennan. J.A.; Sporle, W.; Hackwell, K.; Impey, M. 2008: Kiwi (Apteryx spp.) Recovery Plan 2008–2018. Threatened Species Recovery Plan 60. Department of Conservation, Wellington. 73 p.

Hutching, G. 1998: The Natural World of New Zealand. Viking/Penguin.

Huynen, L; Lambert, D; McLennan, J.A; Rickard, C; Robertson, H.A. 2003: A DNA test for sex assignment in kiwi (Apteryx spp.). Notornis 50: 231–233.

IUCN 2008: IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

KCMAC (Kiwi Captive Management Advisory Committee); DOC (Department of Conservation) 2004: Captive management plan for kiwi: Apteryx mantelli, Apteryx rowi, Apteryx australis, Apteryx australis ‘Haast’. Apteryx haastii, Apteryx owneii. Threatened Species Occasional Publication Series 24. Department of Conservation, Wellington, 42 p.

McLennan, J.A.; Dew, L.; Miles, J.; Gillingham, N.; Waiwai, R. 2004: Size matters: predation risk and juvenile growth in North Island brown kiwi (Apteryx mantelli). New Zealand Journal of Ecology 28(2): 241–250.

McLennan, J.A.; McCann, A.J. 1991: Ecology of Great Spotted Kiwi, Apteryx haastii. Investigation No. P/509; DSIR Land Resources Contract Report No. 91/48 for Department of Conservation.

McLennan, J.A.; Potter, M.A., Robertson, H.A.; Wake, G.C.; Colbourne, R. Dew, L.; Joyce, L.; McCann, A.J.; Miles, J; Miller, P.J.; Reid, J. 1996: Role of predation in the decline of kiwi, Apteryx spp. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 20: 27–35.

McLennan, J.A.; Rudge, M.R.; Potter, M.A. 1987: Range size and denning behaviour of brown kiwi, Apteryx australis mantelli, in Hawke’s Bay, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 10: 97–107.

Miller, P.J.; Pierce, R.J. 1995: Distribution and decline of the North Island brown kiwi ( Apteryx australis mantelli) in Northland. Notornis 42: 203–211.

Miskelly, C.M.; Dowding, J.E.; Elliott, G.P.; Hitchmough, R.A.; Powlesland, R.G.; Robertson, H.A.; Sagar, P.M.; Scofield, R.P.; Taylor, G.A. 2008: Conservation status of New Zealand birds. Notornis 55(3): 117–135.

Pierce, R.J. 2008: Call-count monitoring of North Island brown kiwi in Northland in 2007 and 2008. Report prepared for Department of Conservation and New Zealand Landcare Trust.

Pierce, R.J.; Gardiner, C.; Moodie, H.; Robertson, H. A.; Sporle, W. 2006: Sustainable Management of Brown Kiwi and Other Threatened Birds in Northland. Wildland Consultants contract report No. 1193.

Robertson, H.A. 2003: Kiwi recovery plan, 1996–2006. Threatened Species Recovery Plan 50. Department of Conservation, Wellington. 26 p.

Robertson. H.A. 2004: Research and monitoring plan for the kiwi sanctuaries. Science for Conservation 241. Department of Conservation. Wellington. 24 p.

Robertson, H.A.; Colbourne, R.M. 2003: Kiwi (Apteryx spp.). Best Practice Manual. Internal report (QD code 1428). Department of Conservation, Wellington (unpublished). 101 p.

Robertson, H.A.; Colbourne, R.M.; Graham, P.J.; Miller, P.J.; Pierce, R.J. in press: Experimental management of Brown Kiwi ( Apteryx mantelli) in central Northland, New Zealand. Bird Conservation International.

Robertson, H.A.; Fraser, J.F. 2009: The use of trained dogs to determine the age structure and conservation status of kiwi Apteryx spp. populations. Bird Conservation International 19: 121–129.

Shepherd, L.D.; Lambert, D.M. 2008: Ancient DNA and conservation: lessons from the endangered kiwi of New Zealand. Molecular Ecology 17: 2174–2184.

Tennyson A.J.D.; Palms, R.L.; Robertson, H.A.; Worthy, T.H.; Gill, B.J. 2003: A new species of kiwi (Aves, Apterygiformes) from Okarito, New Zealand. Records of the Auckland Museum 40: 197–202.

back to top

Back to top