In the “Pāteke survival guide”
Pāteke can adapt very well to the New Zealand rural landscape. A self-sustaining pāteke population requires a large area (usually several hundred hectares) and this may span several properties. Consequently, landowners and groups often need to consider management issues beyond their immediate properties.
There are six critical requirements:
- Foraging habitat is diverse, including all or most of the following habitats:
- areas of low-lying fertile floodplains with many permanent and ephemeral wetlands
- seasonally damp, grazed, fertile pasture (rank grass is impenetrable and provides less food)
- ability to retain moisture levels in dry periods
- floodplain forest, e.g. stands of podocarps and other tree and shrub species (Coprosma etc) along valley floors, all providing fruit for pāteke
- proximity to estuaries
- Suitable nesting and roosting cover (e.g. riparian areas of sedges, rushes and other dense ground vegetation) near the open water, wetland brood-rearing areas, and wetland feeding areas
- Potential flocking sites at permanent, undisturbed, water bodies containing marginal cover and safe resting areas
- Effective control of mammalian predators, such as where community groups and DOC are protecting kiwi, kākā and other threatened fauna, but management may need to be more intensive for pāteke
- Effective control of pets and working dogs as occurs in well-managed kiwi zones
- Road deaths and disturbance issues are minimal
Each of these six requirements, and ways of achieving or improving them, are discussed in detail in the Appendix.