Recognise that the extent and characteristics of the coastal environment vary from region to region and locality to locality; and the issues that arise may have different effects in different localities.
Recognise that the coastal environment includes:
the coastal marine area;
islands within the coastal marine area;
areas where coastal processes, influences or qualities are significant, including coastal lakes, lagoons, tidal estuaries, saltmarshes, coastal wetlands, and the margins of these;
areas at risk from coastal hazards;
coastal vegetation and the habitat of indigenous coastal species including migratory birds;
elements and features that contribute to the natural character, landscape, visual qualities or amenity values;
items of cultural and historic heritage in the coastal marine area or on the coast;
inter-related coastal marine and terrestrial systems, including the intertidal zone; and
physical resources and built facilities, including infrastructure, that have modified the coastal environment.