This review highlights the importance of considering species-specific requirements when designing a network of marine protected areas.

This report considers how big a marine protected area should be and explores some factors that sizing can depend on. This includes which species, habitats or ecosystem functions are the objective of protection.

It looks at the habitat use, home range and dispersal distances of several NZ marine species, such as:

  • spiny lobster
  • paua
  • sea urchin
  • blue cod
  • snapper
  • penguins
  • sea lions
  • dolphins
  • giant kelp Macrocystis.


Report prepared by Rovellini and Shaffer for DOC.

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