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Introduction

The Pelorus Bridge Scenic Reserve offers visitors the opportunity to relax and enjoy refreshing forest and river scenery, in one of the last stands of river flat forest in Marlborough.

Place overview

Activities

  • Bird and wildlife watching
  • Walking and tramping
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About track difficulties

      About this place

      Nature and conservation

      People on the rocks beside Pelorus River. Photo: Diana Parr.
      People on the rocks beside Pelorus River

      The forest

      Pelorus Bridge Café. Photo: Diana Parr.
      Pelorus Bridge Café

      The vegetation in the reserve provides an excellent example of the type of fertile lowland forest which extended through the valleys of the region before European settlement. A mosaic of beech, podocarp and broadleaf species make up the forest, their distribution reflecting local variations in environmental conditions.

      Black beech is abundant on steeper slopes while hard beech is more common on the spurs and the more rounded slopes. On the moister and more fertile river terraces, the emergent crowns of podocarps: rimu, mataī, miro, tōtara and kahikatea, tower over a hardwood canopy of kāmahi, mixed beech, hīnau, broadleaf and tawa, the latter reaching its southern limit here. Closer to the ground is a variety of shrubs, saplings, ferns, mosses and liverworts.

      As you would expect such an environment is home to a variety of forest birds, both native and introduced. Although not always easy to see, their delightful songs can often be heard.

      A population of endangered native bats also roosts in the area and is the subject of a pest control trapping programme to assist in their protection.

      The Pelorus River drains a large, mostly forested catchment. The water is of a high quality and provides valuable habitat for many native plants and animals, as well as introduced trout.

      History and culture

      A succession of Māori tribes inhabited the area for several hundred years before the arrival of Europeans.

      With marine and forest food in bountiful supply, coastal sites were favoured for settlements, while a network of tracks criss-crossed the less inhabited interior.

      A small kāinga (village), Titi Raukawa, was situated at the junction of the Rai and Pelorus Rivers. The forest and rivers provided a natural larder for the settlement. There is also evidence of cultivation of the lower river flats.

      Conflicts in the area in the 1820s caused significant population loss, and early European explorers found only a few native inhabitants.

      European settlement

      Originally known to Māori as Te Hoiere, the Pelorus Sound and River were renamed following a visit to the area by Lieutenant Phillip Chetwode in the Royal Navy brig HMS Pelorus, in September 1838.

      Following the European settlement of Nelson in 1842, the area was further explored for possible routes linking Nelson to the Wairau Valley. A Māori route leading over Maungatapu Saddle and down into the Pelorus Valley was developed into a bridle track, completed in 1859. Known then as ‘The Moketap’, the route was extensively used by settlers and travellers. In 1864 it carried a rush of hopeful prospectors to the new goldfield at Wakamarina.

      In 1863 the first Pelorus Bridge was built. Then, in 1885, the year the second bridge was built, the route followed by the modern road (over Whangamoa and Rai Saddles) opened. The first coach trip between Blenheim and Nelson was completed in April of that year by William Pickering, who had operated a coach service between Blenheim and Havelock since 1879.

      In the early 1880s the Pelorus Valley was still largely forested. The innovative William Brownlee built a bush tramway and sawmill in 1881. Over the next 25 years he milled most of the lowland forest, opening up land for settlers in the process. The site of the current reserve was spared only because it had been set aside for a township in 1865. Plans for the town were delayed and in 1912, with a slowly increasing awareness of the value of natural areas, a Scenic Reserve was created.

      Getting there

      The reserve is located midway between Blenheim and Nelson, on State Highway 6, 18 kilometres west of Havelock.

      Know before you go

      • Always carry warm, waterproof clothes, especially on longer walks. Take care when the tracks are wet or the river flooded. Remember your safety is your responsibility.
      • Cats, dogs and any other domestic animals are not allowed in the reserve.
      • Fires are not permitted in the reserve.
      • Rubbish facilities are provided in the car parks, outside the café and at the campground.
      • Watch out for wasps, especially on the trunks of beech trees in late summer and autumn.
      • Please protect the reserve’s clean waters. Use toilets where provided and keep soap out of rivers and streams.
      • Mountain bikes are not permitted in the reserve. The nearby Maungatapu track is a popular ride between the Pelorus Valley and Nelson.

      Contacts

      Waitohi / Picton Office
      Phone:      +64 3 520 3002
      Email:   picton@doc.govt.nz
      Full office details
      Nelson Visitor Centre
      Phone:      +64 3 546 9339
      Address:   Millers Acre/Taha o te Awa
      79 Trafalgar Street
      Nelson 7010
      Email:   nelsonvc@doc.govt.nz
      Full office details
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