Chatham Island oystercatcher
Image: Jeff Flavell DOC

Introduction

This black and white wader is unique to the Chatham Islands. It is an endangered species with a high risk of extinction due to its very small population and range

Highlights

New Zealand status: Endemic
Conservation status: Threatened (Nationally Critical)
Found in: South East Island, Pitt Island, Mangere Island, and Chatham Island
Threats: Predation, human disturbance, habitat loss

Sound recording: 

Chatham Island oystercatcher/tōrea song (MP3, 3,077K)
03:16 – Chatham Island oystercatcher/tōrea song.

Species information: Chatham Island oystercatcher on NZ Birds Online

Chatham Island oystercatcher conservation

Thanks to the efforts of an intensive management progamme, bird numbers have increased and the future outlook for the species looks quietly optimistic.

In December 2004 the oystercatcher population included 88 breeding pairs and a total of 311 birds. This is more than double the number of birds counted in 1998 at the start of the management programme.

Early conservation efforts

Past oystercatcher management has been piecemeal.

Conservation in the early 1990s focussed on predator trapping, and fencing to limit stock access to nesting areas. Some nests were moved away from the high tide mark. Nest manipulation may have helped to increase hatching success. Artificial incubation was also attempted, but did not increase overall productivity.

Intensive management programme

An intensive Chatham Island oystercatcher management programme began in 1998.

Predator control

Predation of eggs and chicks by cats, hedgehogs and weka has a major impact on species productivity and has been the most significant cause of population decline.

Predator control in the plan was to protect the 16 oystercatcher territories on northern Chatham Island. It also included modification of fences to exclude stock from managed areas.

Nest relocation and dune restoration

Introduced marram grass has formed dense swards along much of the coast and artificially steepened the sand dunes, leaving few open areas the oystercatchers prefer to nest in. This forces the oystercatchers to nest close to the high-tide line where tides and storm waves can wash away nests.

The plan involved moving of nests away from the high tide mark, and restoring dunes to provide more habitat.

Video monitoring

Nests were monitored with video cameras. Some of this footage was even packaged for Chatham Island television, giving helpful publicity to the conservation effort.

Joint management and research programme

In 1999 a joint management/research programme commenced. So far this programme has been very successful, and includes the following outcomes:

  • New breeding pairs have been established.
  • A significant number of chicks has been produced.
  • Many chicks have been colour banded to aid future monitoring.
  • Research involving the monitoring of breeding success, nest losses, and bird movements, has been 'more successful then originally anticipated.'

Recovery plan

The long-term vision of the Chatham Island Oystercatcher Recovery Plan is to:

'Restore the natural ecology of the coast so that the oystercatcher population is maintained at or above 250 birds with minimal management.'

Chatham Island oystercatcher recovery plan 2001–2011 (PDF, 163K)

You can help

Oystercatchers depend on the coast for their food and for a safe place to rear their young. Nesting birds are easily disturbed by people and will move from the nest to draw you away. Birds with chicks are often noisy and may swoop.

  • If birds appear to be disturbed by your presence, move further along the beach.
  • Walk or drive below the high tide mark to avoid crushing eggs or chicks.
Emergency hotline

Call 0800 DOC HOT (0800 362 468) immediately if you see anyone catching, harming or killing native wildlife. 

Help protect our native birds

When visiting parks, beaches, rivers, and lakes
  • Only take dogs to areas that allow them, and keep them under control.
  • Check your gear for mice and rats when visiting pest-free islands.
  • Leave nesting birds alone.
  • Use available access ways to get to the beach. 
  • Avoid leaving old fishing lines on beaches or in the sea.
  • Follow the water care code and local navigation bylaws.
  • Don't drive on riverbeds, or keep to formed tracks if you have to.
  • Avoid visiting riverbeds early September to late January when river birds breed.
Other ways to help
  • Get your dog trained in avian awareness.
  • Volunteer with DOC or other groups to control predators and restore bird habitats.
  • Set traps for stoats or rats on your property. Get more information from your local DOC office.
  • Put a bell on your cat's collar, feed it well, and keep it indoors at dusk/dawn and at night.
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